Problem #1033

1033.

Let $\clubsuit(x)$ denote the sum of the digits of the positive integer $x$. For example, $\clubsuit(8) = 8$ and $\clubsuit(123) = 1 + 2 + 3 = 6.$ For how many two-digit values of $x$ is $\clubsuit(\clubsuit(x)) = 3?$

$\text{(A) }3\qquad\text{(B) }4\qquad\text{(C) }6\qquad\text{(D) }9\qquad\text{(E) }10$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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