Problem #1064

1064.

Let $\clubsuit(x)$ denote the sum of the digits of the positive integer $x$. For example, $\clubsuit(8)=8$ and $\clubsuit(123)=1+2+3=6$. For how many two-digit values of $x$ is $\clubsuit(\clubsuit(x))=3$?

$\textbf{(A) } 3 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 4 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 6 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 9 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 10$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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