Problem #1228


The vertices of a $3-4-5$ right triangle are the centers of three mutually externally tangent circles, as shown. What is the sum of the areas of the three circles? [asy] unitsize(5mm); defaultpen(fontsize(10pt)+linewidth(.8pt)); pair B=(0,0), C=(5,0); pair A=intersectionpoints(Circle(B,3),Circle(C,4))[0]; draw(A--B--C--cycle); draw(Circle(C,3)); draw(Circle(A,1)); draw(Circle(B,2)); label("$A$",A,N); label("$B$",B,W); label("$C$",C,E); label("3",midpoint(B--A),NW); label("4",midpoint(A--C),NE); label("5",midpoint(B--C),S);[/asy]

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 12\pi\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } \frac{25\pi}{2}\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 13\pi\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{27\pi}{2}\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }  14\pi$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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