Problem #1462

1462.

A ship sails $10$ miles in a straight line from $A$ to $B$, turns through an angle between $45^{\circ}$ and $60^{\circ}$, and then sails another $20$ miles to $C$. Let $AC$ be measured in miles. Which of the following intervals contains $AC^2$? [asy] unitsize(2mm); defaultpen(linewidth(.8pt)+fontsize(10pt)); dotfactor=4;  pair B=(0,0), A=(-10,0), C=20*dir(50);  draw(A--B--C); draw(A--C,linetype("4 4"));  dot(A); dot(B); dot(C); label("$10$",midpoint(A--B),S); label("$20$",midpoint(B--C),SE); label("$A$",A,SW); label("$B$",B,SE); label("$C$",C,NE); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ [400,500] \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ [500,600] \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ [600,700] \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ [700,800]$ $\textbf{(E)}\ [800,900]$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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