Problem #1712

1712.

A unit cube has vertices $P_1,P_2,P_3,P_4,P_1',P_2',P_3',$ and $P_4'$. Vertices $P_2$, $P_3$, and $P_4$ are adjacent to $P_1$, and for $1\le i\le 4,$ vertices $P_i$ and $P_i'$ are opposite to each other. A regular octahedron has one vertex in each of the segments $P_1P_2$, $P_1P_3$, $P_1P_4$, $P_1'P_2'$, $P_1'P_3'$, and $P_1'P_4'$. What is the octahedron's side length?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{3\sqrt{2}}{4}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{7\sqrt{6}}{16}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{\sqrt{5}}{2}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{2\sqrt{3}}{3}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{\sqrt{6}}{2}$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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