Problem #1782


Cities $A$, $B$, $C$, $D$, and $E$ are connected by roads $\widetilde{AB}$, $\widetilde{AD}$, $\widetilde{AE}$, $\widetilde{BC}$, $\widetilde{BD}$, $\widetilde{CD}$, and $\widetilde{DE}$. How many different routes are there from $A$ to $B$ that use each road exactly once? (Such a route will necessarily visit some cities more than once.) [asy] unitsize(10mm); defaultpen(linewidth(1.2pt)+fontsize(10pt)); dotfactor=4; pair A=(1,0), B=(4.24,0), C=(5.24,3.08), D=(2.62,4.98), E=(0,3.08); dot (A); dot (B); dot (C); dot (D); dot (E); label("$A$",A,S); label("$B$",B,SE); label("$C$",C,E); label("$D$",D,N); label("$E$",E,W); guide squiggly(path g, real stepsize, real slope=45) {  real len = arclength(g);  real step = len / round(len / stepsize);  guide squig;  for (real u = 0; u < len; u += step){  real a = arctime(g, u);  real b = arctime(g, u + step / 2);  pair p = point(g, a);  pair q = point(g, b);  pair np = unit( rotate(slope) * dir(g,a));  pair nq = unit( rotate(0 - slope) * dir(g,b));  squig = squig .. p{np} .. q{nq};  }  squig = squig .. point(g, length(g)){unit(rotate(slope)*dir(g,length(g)))};  return squig; } pen pp = defaultpen + 2.718; draw(squiggly(A--B, 4.04, 30), pp); draw(squiggly(A--D, 7.777, 20), pp); draw(squiggly(A--E, 5.050, 15), pp); draw(squiggly(B--C, 5.050, 15), pp); draw(squiggly(B--D, 4.04, 20), pp); draw(squiggly(C--D, 2.718, 20), pp); draw(squiggly(D--E, 2.718, -60), pp);[/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ 7 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 9 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 12 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 16 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 18$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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