Problem #1790

1790.

Bernardo chooses a three-digit positive integer $N$ and writes both its base-5 and base-6 representations on a blackboard. Later LeRoy sees the two numbers Bernardo has written. Treating the two numbers as base-10 integers, he adds them to obtain an integer $S$. For example, if $N=749$, Bernardo writes the numbers 10,444 and 3,245, and LeRoy obtains the sum $S=13,689$. For how many choices of $N$ are the two rightmost digits of $S$, in order, the same as those of $2N$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 15\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 20\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 25$

This problem is copyrighted by the American Mathematics Competitions.

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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