Problem #1971


In the figure shown below, $ABCDE$ is a regular pentagon and $AG=1$. What is $FG+JH+CD$? [asy]import cse5;pathpen=black;pointpen=black; size(2inch); pair A=dir(90), B=dir(18), C=dir(306), D=dir(234), E=dir(162); D(MP("A",A,A)--MP("B",B,B)--MP("C",C,C)--MP("D",D,D)--MP("E",E,E)--cycle,linewidth(1.5)); D(A--C--E--B--D--cycle); pair F=IP(A--D,B--E), G=IP(B--E,C--A), H=IP(C--A,B--D), I=IP(D--B,E--C), J=IP(C--E,D--A); D(MP("F",F,dir(126))--MP("I",I,dir(270))--MP("G",G,dir(54))--MP("J",J,dir(198))--MP("H",H,dir(342))--cycle); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A) } 3 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 12-4\sqrt5 \qquad\textbf{(C) } \dfrac{5+2\sqrt5}{3} \qquad\textbf{(D) } 1+\sqrt5 \qquad\textbf{(E) } \dfrac{11+11\sqrt5}{10}$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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