Problem #2051

2051.

Points $M$ and $N$ are the midpoints of sides $PA$ and $PB$ of $\triangle PAB$. As $P$ moves along a line that is parallel to side $AB$, how many of the four quantities listed below change?

(a) the length of the segment $MN$

(b) the perimeter of $\triangle PAB$

(c) the area of $\triangle PAB$

(d) the area of trapezoid $ABNM$

[asy] draw((2,0)--(8,0)--(6,4)--cycle); draw((4,2)--(7,2)); draw((1,4)--(9,4),Arrows); label("$A$",(2,0),SW); label("$B$",(8,0),SE); label("$M$",(4,2),W); label("$N$",(7,2),E); label("$P$",(6,4),N); [/asy]

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 0 \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ 1 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 2 \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 3 \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 4$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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