# Problem #2059

 2059 The plane is tiled by congruent squares and congruent pentagons as indicated. The percent of the plane that is enclosed by the pentagons is closest to $\text{(A) }50 \qquad \text{(B) }52 \qquad \text{(C) }54 \qquad \text{(D) }56 \qquad \text{(E) }58$ $[asy] unitsize(3mm); defaultpen(linewidth(0.8pt)); path p1=(0,0)--(3,0)--(3,3)--(0,3)--(0,0); path p2=(0,1)--(1,1)--(1,0); path p3=(2,0)--(2,1)--(3,1); path p4=(3,2)--(2,2)--(2,3); path p5=(1,3)--(1,2)--(0,2); path p6=(1,1)--(2,2); path p7=(2,1)--(1,2); path[] p=p1^^p2^^p3^^p4^^p5^^p6^^p7; for(int i=0; i<3; ++i) { for(int j=0; j<3; ++j) { draw(shift(3*i,3*j)*p); } } [/asy]$ This problem is copyrighted by the American Mathematics Competitions.
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• Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
• Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
• Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
• Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
• If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
• Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
• Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).