Problem #2067

2067.

In the magic square shown, the sums of the numbers in each row, column, and diagonal are the same. Five of these numbers are represented by $v$, $w$, $x$, $y$, and $z$. Find $y + z$.

$\textbf{(A)}\ 43 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 44 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 45 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 46 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 47$

[asy] unitsize(10mm); defaultpen(linewidth(1pt)); for(int i=0; i<=3; ++i) { draw((0,i)--(3,i)); draw((i,0)--(i,3)); } label("$25$",(0.5,0.5)); label("$z$",(1.5,0.5)); label("$21$",(2.5,0.5)); label("$18$",(0.5,1.5)); label("$x$",(1.5,1.5)); label("$y$",(2.5,1.5)); label("$v$",(0.5,2.5)); label("$24$",(1.5,2.5)); label("$w$",(2.5,2.5));[/asy]

This problem is copyrighted by the American Mathematics Competitions.

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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