Problem #2080


Circles of radius $2$ and $3$ are externally tangent and are circumscribed by a third circle, as shown in the figure. Find the area of the shaded region.

[asy] unitsize(5mm); defaultpen(linewidth(.8pt)+fontsize(10pt)); dotfactor=4;  real r1=3; real r2=2; real r3=5; pair A=(-2,0), B=(3,0), C=(0,0); pair X=(1,0), Y=(5,0); path circleA=Circle(A,r1); path circleB=Circle(B,r2); path circleC=Circle(C,r3); fill(circleC,gray); fill(circleA,white); fill(circleB,white); draw(circleA); draw(circleB); draw(circleC); draw(A--X); draw(B--Y);  pair[] ps={A,B}; dot(ps);  label("$3$",midpoint(A--X),N); label("$2$",midpoint(B--Y),N); [/asy]

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 3\pi\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 4\pi\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 6\pi\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 9\pi\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 12\pi$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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