Problem #2091


Several figures can be made by attaching two equilateral triangles to the regular pentagon ABCDE in two of the five positions shown. How many non-congruent figures can be constructed in this way?

[asy] size(200); defaultpen(0.9); real r = 5/dir(54).x, h = 5 tan(54*pi/180); pair A = (5,0), B = A+10*dir(72), C = (0,r+h), E = (-5,0), D = E+10*dir(108); draw(A--B--C--D--E--cycle); label("\(A\)",A+(0,-0.5),SSE); label("\(B\)",B+(0.5,0),ENE); label("\(C\)",C+(0,0.5),N); label("\(D\)",D+(-0.5,0),WNW); label("\(E\)",E+(0,-0.5),SW); // real l = 5*sqrt(3); pair ab = (h+l)*dir(72), bc = (h+l)*dir(54); pair AB = (ab.y, h-ab.x), BC = (bc.x,h+bc.y), CD = (-bc.x,h+bc.y), DE = (-ab.y, h-ab.x), EA = (0,-l); draw(A--AB--B^^B--BC--C^^C--CD--D^^D--DE--E^^E--EA--A, dashed); // dot(A); dot(B); dot(C); dot(D); dot(E); dot(AB); dot(BC); dot(CD); dot(DE); dot(EA); [/asy]

$\text {(A) } 1 \qquad \text {(B) } 2 \qquad \text {(C) } 3 \qquad \text {(D) } 4 \qquad \text {(E) } 5$

This problem is copyrighted by the American Mathematics Competitions.

Note: you aren't logged in. If you log in, we'll keep a record of which problems you've solved.

Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

For questions or comments, please email

Find out how your skills stack up!

Try our new, free contest math practice test. All new, never-seen-before problems.

AMC/AIME classes

I offer online AMC/AIME classes periodically. Join the mailing list to be informed next time they're offered.

Private coaching is also available.