Problem #2093


Three semicircles of radius 1 are constructed on diameter AB of a semicircle of radius 2. The centers of the small semicircles divide AB into four line segments of equal length, as shown. What is the area of the shaded region that lies within the large semicircle but outside the smaller semicircles?

[asy] import graph; unitsize(14mm); defaultpen(linewidth(.8pt)+fontsize(8pt)); dashed=linetype("4 4"); dotfactor=3; pair A=(-2,0), B=(2,0); fill(Arc((0,0),2,0,180)--cycle,mediumgray); fill(Arc((-1,0),1,0,180)--cycle,white); fill(Arc((0,0),1,0,180)--cycle,white); fill(Arc((1,0),1,0,180)--cycle,white); draw(Arc((-1,0),1,60,180)); draw(Arc((0,0),1,0,60),dashed); draw(Arc((0,0),1,60,120)); draw(Arc((0,0),1,120,180),dashed); draw(Arc((1,0),1,0,120)); draw(Arc((0,0),2,0,180)--cycle); dot((0,0)); dot((-1,0)); dot((1,0)); draw((-2,-0.1)--(-2,-0.3),gray); draw((-1,-0.1)--(-1,-0.3),gray); draw((1,-0.1)--(1,-0.3),gray); draw((2,-0.1)--(2,-0.3),gray); label("$A$",A,W); label("$B$",B,E); label("1",(-1.5,-0.1),S); label("2",(0,-0.1),S); label("1",(1.5,-0.1),S);[/asy]

$\textbf{(A) } \pi - \sqrt{3} \qquad\textbf{(B) } \pi - \sqrt{2} \qquad\textbf{(C) } \frac{\pi + \sqrt{2}}{2} \qquad\textbf{(D) } \frac{\pi +\sqrt{3}}{2} \qquad\textbf{(E) } \frac{7}{6}\pi - \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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