Problem #2125

2125.

In $\triangle ABC$, $AB = BC$, and $\overline{BD}$ is an altitude. Point $E$ is on the extension of $\overline{AC}$ such that $BE = 10$. The values of $\tan \angle CBE$, $\tan \angle DBE$, and $\tan \angle ABE$ form a geometric progression, and the values of $\cot \angle DBE,$ $\cot \angle CBE,$ $\cot \angle DBC$ form an arithmetic progression. What is the area of $\triangle ABC$?

[asy] size(120); defaultpen(0.7); pair A = (0,0), D = (5*2^.5/3,0), C = (10*2^.5/3,0), B = (5*2^.5/3,5*2^.5), E = (13*2^.5/3,0); draw(A--D--C--E--B--C--D--B--cycle); label("\(A\)",A,S); label("\(B\)",B,N); label("\(C\)",C,S); label("\(D\)",D,S); label("\(E\)",E,S); [/asy]

$\mathrm{(A)}\ 16 \qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ \frac {50}3 \qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ 10\sqrt{3} \qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 8\sqrt{5} \qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ 18$

This problem is copyrighted by the American Mathematics Competitions.

Note: you aren't logged in. If you log in, we'll keep a record of which problems you've solved.

Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

For questions or comments, please email markan@eudelic.com.

Registration open for AMC10/12 prep class

Registration is now open. See details here.