Problem #2128


The $5\times 5$ grid shown contains a collection of squares with sizes from $1\times 1$ to $5\times 5$. How many of these squares contain the black center square?

[asy] unitsize(6mm); defaultpen(linewidth(.8pt)); for(int i=0; i<=5; ++i) { draw((0,i)--(5,i)); draw((i,0)--(i,5)); } fill((2,2)--(2,3)--(3,3)--(3,2)--cycle); [/asy]

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 12 \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 15 \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 17 \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ }  19\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 20$

This problem is copyrighted by the American Mathematics Competitions.

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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