Problem #2131


Two distinct lines pass through the center of three concentric circles of radii 3, 2, and 1. The area of the shaded region in the diagram is $\frac{8}{13}$ of the area of the unshaded region. What is the radian measure of the acute angle formed by the two lines? (Note: $\pi$ radians is $180$ degrees.)

[asy] defaultpen(linewidth(0.8)); pair O=origin; fill(O--Arc(O, 2, 20, 160)--cycle, mediumgray); fill(O--Arc(O, 1, 20, 160)--cycle, white); fill(O--Arc(O, 2, 200, 340)--cycle, mediumgray); fill(O--Arc(O, 1, 200, 340)--cycle, white); fill(O--Arc(O, 3, 160, 200)--cycle, mediumgray); fill(O--Arc(O, 2, 160, 200)--cycle, white); fill(O--Arc(O, 1, 160, 200)--cycle, mediumgray); fill(O--Arc(O, 3, -20, 20)--cycle, mediumgray); fill(O--Arc(O, 2, -20, 20)--cycle, white); fill(O--Arc(O, 1, -20, 20)--cycle, mediumgray); draw(Circle(origin, 1));draw(Circle(origin, 2));draw(Circle(origin, 3)); draw(5*dir(200)--5*dir(20)^^5*dir(160)--5*dir(-20)); [/asy]

$\mathrm{(A) \ } \frac{\pi}{8} \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } \frac{\pi}{7} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{\pi}{6} \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{\pi}{5} \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } \frac{\pi}{4}$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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