Problem #2132


Square $ABCD$ has side length $2$. A semicircle with diameter $\overline{AB}$ is constructed inside the square, and the tangent to the semicircle from $C$ intersects side $\overline{AD}$ at $E$. What is the length of $\overline{CE}$?

[asy] defaultpen(linewidth(0.8)); pair A=origin, B=(1,0), C=(1,1), D=(0,1), X=tangent(C, (0.5,0), 0.5, 1), F=C+2*dir(C--X), E=intersectionpoint(C--F, A--D); draw(C--D--A--B--C--E); draw(Arc((0.5,0), 0.5, 0, 180)); pair point=(0.5,0.5); label("$A$", A, dir(point--A)); label("$B$", B, dir(point--B)); label("$C$", C, dir(point--C)); label("$D$", D, dir(point--D)); label("$E$", E, dir(point--E)); [/asy]

$\mathrm{(A) \ } \frac{2+\sqrt{5}}{2} \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } \sqrt{5} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \sqrt{6} \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{5}{2} \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 5-\sqrt{5}$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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