Problem #2133


Circles $A$, $B$, and $C$ are externally tangent to each other and internally tangent to circle $D$. Circles $B$ and $C$ are congruent. Circle $A$ has radius $1$ and passes through the center of $D$. What is the radius of circle $B$?

[asy] size(6cm); defaultpen(linewidth(0.8));defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw(Circle(origin, 2)); draw(Circle((-1,0), 1)); draw(Circle((6/9, 8/9), 8/9)); draw(Circle((6/9, -8/9), 8/9)); label("$A$", (-1.2, -0.2), NE); label("$B$", (6/9, 7/9), N); label("$C$", (6/9, -7/9), S); label("$D$", 2*dir(110), dir(110)); [/asy]

$\mathrm{(A) \ } \frac{2}{3} \qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2} \qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{7}{8} \qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{8}{9} \qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } \frac{1+\sqrt{3}}{3}$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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