Problem #2139


A circle of radius $1$ is internally tangent to two circles of radius $2$ at points $A$ and $B$, where $AB$ is a diameter of the smaller circle. What is the area of the region, shaded in the picture, that is outside the smaller circle and inside each of the two larger circles?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } \frac{5}{3} \pi - 3\sqrt 2 \qquad  \mathrm{(B) \ } \frac{5}{3} \pi - 2\sqrt 3 \qquad  \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{8}{3} \pi - 3\sqrt 3 \qquad  \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{8}{3} \pi - 3\sqrt 2 \qquad  \mathrm{(E) \ } \frac{8}{3} \pi - 2\sqrt 3$

[asy] unitsize(1cm); defaultpen(0.8);  pair O=(0,0), A=(0,1), B=(0,-1); path bigc1 = Circle(A,2), bigc2 = Circle(B,2), smallc = Circle(O,1);  pair[] P = intersectionpoints(bigc1, bigc2); filldraw( arc(A,P[0],P[1])--arc(B,P[1],P[0])--cycle, lightgray, black ); draw(bigc1); draw(bigc2); unfill(smallc); draw(smallc);  dot(O); dot(A); dot(B); label("$A$",A,N); label("$B$",B,S); draw( O--dir(30) ); draw( A--(A+2*dir(30)) ); draw( B--(B+2*dir(210)) );  label("$1$", O--dir(30), N ); label("$2$", A--(A+2*dir(30)), N ); label("$2$", B--(B+2*dir(210)), S );  [/asy]

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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