Problem #2148

2148.

A sequence of complex numbers $z_{0}, z_{1}, z_{2}, ...$ is defined by the rule

\[z_{n+1} = \frac {iz_{n}}{\overline {z_{n}}},\]

where $\overline {z_{n}}$ is the complex conjugate of $z_{n}$ and $i^{2}=-1$. Suppose that $|z_{0}|=1$ and $z_{2005}=1$. How many possible values are there for $z_{0}$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1 \qquad  \textbf{(B)}\ 2 \qquad  \textbf{(C)}\ 4 \qquad  \textbf{(D)}\ 2005 \qquad  \textbf{(E)}\ 2^{2005}$

This problem is copyrighted by the American Mathematics Competitions.

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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