Problem #2163

 2163 Square $ABCD$ has side length $s$, a circle centered at $E$ has radius $r$, and $r$ and $s$ are both rational. The circle passes through $D$, and $D$ lies on $\overline{BE}$. Point $F$ lies on the circle, on the same side of $\overline{BE}$ as $A$. Segment $AF$ is tangent to the circle, and $AF=\sqrt{9+5\sqrt{2}}$. What is $r/s$? $[asy]unitsize(6mm); defaultpen(linewidth(.8pt)+fontsize(10pt)); dotfactor=3; pair B=(0,0), C=(3,0), D=(3,3), A=(0,3); pair Ep=(3+5*sqrt(2)/6,3+5*sqrt(2)/6); pair F=intersectionpoints(Circle(A,sqrt(9+5*sqrt(2))),Circle(Ep,5/3))[0]; pair[] dots={A,B,C,D,Ep,F}; draw(A--F); draw(Circle(Ep,5/3)); draw(A--B--C--D--cycle); dot(dots); label("A",A,NW); label("B",B,SW); label("C",C,SE); label("D",D,SW); label("E",Ep,E); label("F",F,NW); [/asy]$ $\mathrm{(A) \ } \frac{1}{2}\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } \frac{5}{9}\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{3}{5}\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{5}{3}\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } \frac{9}{5}$ This problem is copyrighted by the American Mathematics Competitions.
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• Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
• Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
• Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
• Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
• If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
• Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
• Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).