Problem #2163


Square $ABCD$ has side length $s$, a circle centered at $E$ has radius $r$, and $r$ and $s$ are both rational. The circle passes through $D$, and $D$ lies on $\overline{BE}$. Point $F$ lies on the circle, on the same side of $\overline{BE}$ as $A$. Segment $AF$ is tangent to the circle, and $AF=\sqrt{9+5\sqrt{2}}$. What is $r/s$? [asy]unitsize(6mm); defaultpen(linewidth(.8pt)+fontsize(10pt)); dotfactor=3; pair B=(0,0), C=(3,0), D=(3,3), A=(0,3); pair Ep=(3+5*sqrt(2)/6,3+5*sqrt(2)/6); pair F=intersectionpoints(Circle(A,sqrt(9+5*sqrt(2))),Circle(Ep,5/3))[0]; pair[] dots={A,B,C,D,Ep,F}; draw(A--F); draw(Circle(Ep,5/3)); draw(A--B--C--D--cycle); dot(dots); label("$A$",A,NW); label("$B$",B,SW); label("$C$",C,SE); label("$D$",D,SW); label("$E$",Ep,E); label("$F$",F,NW); [/asy] $\mathrm{(A) \ } \frac{1}{2}\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } \frac{5}{9}\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } \frac{3}{5}\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } \frac{5}{3}\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ }  \frac{9}{5}$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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