Problem #2197


Circles centered at $A$ and $B$ each have radius $2$, as shown. Point $O$ is the midpoint of $\overline{AB}$, and $OA = 2\sqrt {2}$. Segments $OC$ and $OD$ are tangent to the circles centered at $A$ and $B$, respectively, and $EF$ is a common tangent. What is the area of the shaded region $ECODF$?

[asy] unitsize(6mm); defaultpen(fontsize(10pt)+linewidth(.8pt)); dotfactor=3; pair O=(0,0); pair A=(-2*sqrt(2),0); pair B=(2*sqrt(2),0); pair G=shift(0,2)*A; pair F=shift(0,2)*B; pair C=shift(A)*scale(2)*dir(45); pair D=shift(B)*scale(2)*dir(135); pair X=A+2*dir(-60); pair Y=B+2*dir(240); path P=C--O--D--Arc(B,2,135,90)--G--Arc(A,2,90,45)--cycle; fill(P,gray); draw(Circle(A,2)); draw(Circle(B,2)); dot(A); label("$A$",A,W); dot(B); label("$B$",B,E); dot(C); label("$C$",C,W); dot(D); label("$D$",D,E); dot(G); label("$E$",G,N); dot(F); label("$F$",F,N); dot(O); label("$O$",O,S); draw(G--F); draw(C--O--D); draw(A--B); draw(A--X); draw(B--Y); label("$2$",midpoint(A--X),SW); label("$2$",midpoint(B--Y),SE); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ \frac {8\sqrt {2}}{3} \qquad \text{(B)}\ 8\sqrt {2} - 4 - \pi \qquad \text{(C)}\ 4\sqrt {2} \qquad \text{(D)}\ 4\sqrt {2} + \frac {\pi}{8} \qquad \text{(E)}\ 8\sqrt {2} - 2 - \frac {\pi}{2}$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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