Problem #2233


Rectangle $ABCD$, pictured below, shares $50\%$ of its area with square $EFGH$. Square $EFGH$ shares $20\%$ of its area with rectangle $ABCD$. What is $\frac{AB}{AD}$?

[asy] unitsize(1mm); defaultpen(linewidth(.8pt)+fontsize(8pt));  draw((0,0)--(0,25)--(25,25)--(25,0)--cycle); fill((0,20)--(0,15)--(25,15)--(25,20)--cycle,gray); draw((0,15)--(0,20)--(25,20)--(25,15)--cycle); draw((25,15)--(25,20)--(50,20)--(50,15)--cycle);  label("$A$",(0,20),W); label("$B$",(50,20),E); label("$C$",(50,15),E); label("$D$",(0,15),W); label("$E$",(0,25),NW); label("$F$",(25,25),NE); label("$G$",(25,0),SE); label("$H$",(0,0),SW); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ 4 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 5 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 6 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 8 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 10$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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