Problem #2324

2324.

A regular hexagon has side length 6. Congruent arcs with radius 3 are drawn with the center at each of the vertices, creating circular sectors as shown. The region inside the hexagon but outside the sectors is shaded as shown. What is the area of the shaded region?

[asy] size(125); defaultpen(linewidth(0.8)); path hexagon=(2*dir(0))--(2*dir(60))--(2*dir(120))--(2*dir(180))--(2*dir(240))--(2*dir(300))--cycle; fill(hexagon,lightgrey); for(int i=0;i<=5;i=i+1) { path arc=2*dir(60*i)--arc(2*dir(60*i),1,120+60*i,240+60*i)--cycle; unfill(arc); draw(arc); } draw(hexagon,linewidth(1.8));[/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ 27\sqrt{3}-9\pi\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 27\sqrt{3}-6\pi\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 54\sqrt{3}-18\pi\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 54\sqrt{3}-12\pi\qquad$

$\textbf{(E)}\ 108\sqrt{3}-9\pi$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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