Problem #2327


A rectangular piece of paper whose length is $\sqrt3$ times the width has area $A$. The paper is divided into three equal sections along the opposite lengths, and then a dotted line is drawn from the first divider to the second divider on the opposite side as shown. The paper is then folded flat along this dotted line to create a new shape with area $B$. What is the ratio $B:A$?

[asy] import graph; size(6cm);  real L = 0.05;  pair A = (0,0); pair B = (sqrt(3),0); pair C = (sqrt(3),1); pair D = (0,1);  pair X1 = (sqrt(3)/3,0); pair X2= (2*sqrt(3)/3,0); pair Y1 = (2*sqrt(3)/3,1); pair Y2 = (sqrt(3)/3,1);  dot(X1); dot(Y1);  draw(A--B--C--D--cycle, linewidth(2)); draw(X1--Y1,dashed);  draw(X2--(2*sqrt(3)/3,L)); draw(Y2--(sqrt(3)/3,1-L)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A)}\ 1:2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 3:5\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2:3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 3:4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 4:5$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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