Problem #2331


Six regular hexagons surround a regular hexagon of side length $1$ as shown. What is the area of $\triangle ABC$?

[asy] for(int i = 0; i < 6; ++i){  for(int j = 0; j < 6; ++j){   draw(sqrt(3)*dir(60*i+30)+dir(60*j)--sqrt(3)*dir(60*i+30)+dir(60*j+60));  } }  draw(2*dir(60)--2*dir(180)--2*dir(300)--cycle); label("A",2*dir(180),dir(180)); label("B",2*dir(60),dir(60)); label("C",2*dir(300),dir(300)); [/asy]

$\textbf {(A) } 2\sqrt{3} \qquad \textbf {(B) } 3\sqrt{3} \qquad \textbf {(C) } 1+3\sqrt{2} \qquad \textbf {(D) } 2+2\sqrt{3} \qquad \textbf {(E) } 3+2\sqrt{3}$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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