Problem #2341


The shaded region below is called a shark's fin falcata, a figure studied by Leonardo da Vinci. It is bounded by the portion of the circle of radius $3$ and center $(0,0)$ that lies in the first quadrant, the portion of the circle with radius $\tfrac{3}{2}$ and center $(0,\tfrac{3}{2})$ that lies in the first quadrant, and the line segment from $(0,0)$ to $(3,0)$. What is the area of the shark's fin falcata?

[asy]import cse5;pathpen=black;pointpen=black; size(1.5inch); D(MP("x",(3.5,0),S)--(0,0)--MP("\frac{3}{2}",(0,3/2),W)--MP("y",(0,3.5),W)); path P=(0,0)--MP("3",(3,0),S)..(3*dir(45))..MP("3",(0,3),W)--(0,3)..(3/2,3/2)..cycle; draw(P,linewidth(2)); fill(P,gray); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A) } \dfrac{4\pi}{5} \qquad\textbf{(B) } \dfrac{9\pi}{8} \qquad\textbf{(C) } \dfrac{4\pi}{3} \qquad\textbf{(D) } \dfrac{7\pi}{5} \qquad\textbf{(E) } \dfrac{3\pi}{2}$

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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