Problem #240

240.

The vertices of $\triangle ABC$ are $A = (0,0)\,$, $B = (0,420)\,$, and $C = (560,0)\,$. The six faces of a die are labeled with two $A\,$'s, two $B\,$'s, and two $C\,$'s. Point $P_1 = (k,m)\,$ is chosen in the interior of $\triangle ABC$, and points $P_2\,$, $P_3\,$, $P_4, \dots$ are generated by rolling the die repeatedly and applying the rule: If the die shows label $L\,$, where $L \in \{A, B, C\}$, and $P_n\,$ is the most recently obtained point, then $P_{n + 1}^{}$ is the midpoint of $\overline{P_n L}$. Given that $P_7 = (14,92)\,$, what is $k + m\,$?

This problem is copyrighted by the American Mathematics Competitions.

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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