Problem #247


A circle with diameter $\overline{PQ}\,$ of length 10 is internally tangent at $P^{}_{}$ to a circle of radius 20. Square $ABCD\,$ is constructed with $A\,$ and $B\,$ on the larger circle, $\overline{CD}\,$ tangent at $Q\,$ to the smaller circle, and the smaller circle outside $ABCD\,$. The length of $\overline{AB}\,$ can be written in the form $m + \sqrt{n}\,$, where $m\,$ and $n\,$ are integers. Find $m + n\,$.

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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