Problem #94


The length of diameter $AB$ is a two digit integer. Reversing the digits gives the length of a perpendicular chord $CD$. The distance from their intersection point $H$ to the center $O$ is a positive rational number. Determine the length of $AB$.

[asy]pointpen=black; pathpen=black+linewidth(0.65); pair O=(0,0),A=(-65/2,0),B=(65/2,0); pair H=(-((65/2)^2-28^2)^.5,0),C=(H.x,28),D=(H.x,-28); D(CP(O,A));D(MP("A",A,W)--MP("B",B,E));D(MP("C",C,N)--MP("D",D)); dot(MP("H",H,SE));dot(MP("O",O,SE));[/asy]

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Instructions for entering answers:

  • Reduce fractions to lowest terms and enter in the form 7/9.
  • Numbers involving pi should be written as 7pi or 7pi/3 as appropriate.
  • Square roots should be written as sqrt(3), 5sqrt(5), sqrt(3)/2, or 7sqrt(2)/3 as appropriate.
  • Exponents should be entered in the form 10^10.
  • If the problem is multiple choice, enter the appropriate (capital) letter.
  • Enter points with parentheses, like so: (4,5)
  • Complex numbers should be entered in rectangular form unless otherwise specified, like so: 3+4i. If there is no real component, enter only the imaginary component (i.e. 2i, NOT 0+2i).

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